This category of beliefs are skeptical to ardently against belief in God, but ironically, wouldn’t exist without the idea of some sort of divinity. This is what makes them both secular and religious. In other words, there would be no atheism, no agnosticism, without first belief in the divine. It builds, in a sense, on theistic beliefs. This is a controversial designation.

Two related belief systems tend to go along with them…

  1. Humanism: the idea that people can save themselves from any challenge, and don’t have need of any divine power to do so.

The belief system of Aristotle has been largely borrowed by current society. His work spanned from politics and biology to psychology, metaphysics, ethics, and more. He stressed that each person, regardless of their position in society, should strive to be the ideal of that position. A warrior ought to be the best warrior possible, a politician the best possible politician, and yes, a slave the best possible slave. He also stressed exhilarating experiences, to really appreciate the world in all its sensation. Today we see this in blockbuster movies, sky diving, spelunking, mountain climbing, roller coasters, and more. Efficacy in one’s role, to him, was an ethic. He retreated somewhat from the quazi-religious dogma of his teacher: Plato.

  1. Scientism: science can explain whatever happens
    1. This is a somewhat sarcastic term used by those of religious belief
    2. It denotes that Science is God for those of secular religious belief.

On to the beliefs in more specificity.

  1. Atheism: nothing supernatural exists
    1. Response: how do you know?
      1. Counter: there is simply no hard evidence for it
        1. Counter-back: your idea of admissible evidence is too narrow
    2. Response: have you had a mystical experience?
      1. Counter: does that mean a God exists, or does that just make you think that something supernatural is there?
    3. Response: have you been in, or looked at, all of the space in existence?
      1. Counter: no, but that doesn’t mean God exists
        1. Counter-back: and yet, it doesn’t mean a God doesn’t exist, as you argue
    4. Response: how about the several proofs of the opposite in this section?
      1. Counter: all of those have contentious material (from a perspective)
  2. Agnosticism: maybe there is a God, maybe there isn’t. It leaves open the possibility that God exists, but holds that at present, there is no evidence of God existing.
    1. Response: Again, having logical and scientific metrics for the proof of God is searching for God in the wrong manner

3. Pascal’s Wager: it is overall less risky to believe in God, than to not

  • If God is not believed in, and doesn’t exist, a bit of worldly hassle might be saved
  • If God is not believed in, but exists, then one faces an eternity in hell-fire
  • If God is believed in, but doesn’t exist, it was a small amount of time and energy wanted
  • If God is believed in, and exists, one will enjoy an eternal, luxurious life in heaven.
  • This proof lies in the secular religious belief category because it really does not, at heart, believe in any deity.
  • Response: Does God really not know the difference between the true believer and the gambler?
  • Response: What makes this religion the true religion of God?
  • Response: Where is the proof that this course of action will produce this effect? There’s no talking to the deceased.