Pantheism is the major worldview of Buddhists.

All of existence, from trees growing in the forest, to pet cats, to whole continents, is God. There are Hindus who hold this belief, which they oftentimes reference as Brahman.

In other words, everything is part of one big ecosystem, and that ecosystem is God.

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Pantheism has its roots in Asian doctrine, but it has spread throughout the world.

Moving on

  • The typical fat man that many know as Buddha is just one Buddha
  • Buddha means “the awakened one”
  • There are many Buddhas
    • Siddhartha means “He Who Achieves His Goal”
    • He grew up surrounded by wealth
    • The specter of human suffering caused a personal crisis
    • He thus began to live homeless, as an ascetic
    • After extreme asceticism for six years, he realized that it would not help him become enlightened
    • Meditating under a tree for a long time did, though
    • Thus, Sakya delivered his first sermon
      • The Middle Way was stressed
        • Between asceticism and over-indulgence
        • A permutation of this idea has been stressed by many other geniuses and beliefs, including…
          • Aristotle
          • Socrates
          • Plato
          • Confucius
          • Daoism
          • Jewish philosophy
          • The Christian Bible
          • The Koran
          • Modern day psychological literature Founded by Siddhartha Gautama Sakya in India
    • Worldview of Buddhism: Samsara
      • Literally, “perpetual wandering”
      • This is a cycle (or, wheel) of birth, death, and rebirth
      • One’s rebirthed life is dependent on how ethical they were in their past lives, their amount of karma
        • In other words, based on how much karma we have accrued
        • It means “intended action”
        • Similarly, in the Bible, “we reap what we sow”
        • Thoughts are subject to karma
        • Things aren’t predetermined
        • Our karma is affected by our free will to choose actions and thoughts that increase, or, decrease, our aggregate level of karma
    • The goal of the Buddhist: break free from the cycle of Samsara to attain nirvana
      • Nirvana is a word of the ancient Sanskrit language
      • It means “to extinguish”, or, “unbinding”
      • It does not imply being obliterated!
      • It is liberation from all suffering, as is found in the world
      • A state of bliss
      • It is not a place, but a level of existence
      • It cannot be adequately stated, but only understood when experienced
      • There is a way to follow in order to bring us closer to nirvana
      • He revealed the Four Noble Truths, which have hard and soft versions
        • These four truths explain why life has negative aspects
        • 1. Of Suffering
          • Hard
            • Daily life is suffering
          • Soft
            • In daily life, we will encounter suffering
        • 2. The Causes of Suffering
          • Hard
            • From desiring life to be completely different
          • Soft
            • From there to be changes in our lives
          • The Three Poisons cause this suffering
            • 1. Ignorance of the impermanence and interdependence of everything
            • 2. Desire of externalities to help allay suffering
            • 3. Aversion to things we think cause suffering
        • 3. The End of Suffering
          • Hard
            • We need to let go of all ideas regarding existence
          • Soft
            • There are limiting ideas of existence that we need to let go
        • 4. The Path to End Suffering
          • Hard
            • Except reality in totality to totally let go of all expectation by intensive meditation
          • Soft
            • By mindful and meditate to come to closure about how things really are
          • From this truth is derived The Eightfold Path
            • The first sermon delivered after he achieved enlightenment
            • The path is not noble, but rather, are those whom follow it
            • 1. Right View
              • Accept Buddhist teaching
              • Accept the nature of existence
            • 2. Right Resolve, or, Intention
              • Be positive by liberating oneself from cruelty, greed, and wishing negatives for others
              • Non-attachment
            • 3. Right Speech
              • Speak positively without lying
              • Do not speak harshly against others
            • 4. Right Action
              • Refrain from the five precepts
                • 1. Killing
                • 2. Stealing
                • 3. Misconducting oneself
                • 4. Speaking in a false manner
                • 5. Getting high on drugs
            • 5. Right Livelihood
              • Don’t choose employment that hurts others
                • Owning a brothel
                • Selling drugs
                • Slaughtering animals
                • Selling weapons
            • 6. Right Effort
              • Develop wholesome, ethical and altruistic qualities
              • Let go of negative mindstates
              • Prevent negative mindstates from manifesting
              • Keep positive mindstates
              • Five Hindrances of Right Effort
                • 1. Desire for sex
                • 2. Wishing ill for others
                • 3. Slowness and laziness
                • 4. Worry and lack of peace
                • 5. Untoward skepticism
            • 7. Right Mindfulness
              • Always be aware of one’s thoughts, actions, and feelings
              • Be mindful of one’s surroundings
            • 8. Right Meditation, or, Concentration
              • Focus oneself while meditating to achieve the highest quality of meditation
              • One focus
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  • All Buddhist sects abide by The Three Jewels
    • One takes an oath
      • “I take refuge in the Buddha, I take refuge in the Dharma, I take refuge in the Sangha.”
    • 1. The Buddha
      • Take refuge in Buddha
      • Locate and maximize the nature of Buddha in ourselves
    • 2. The Dharma
      • The teachings of the Buddha
      • Compassion for self and others reduces being scared and being ignorant
      • Follow The Four Noble Truths (as stated above, but will quickly recap)
        • 1. Of Suffering
        • 2. The Causes of Suffering
        • 3. The End of Suffering
        • 4. The Causes of Suffering
        • Apply these to one’s entire life
    • 3. The Sangha
      • One’s Buddhist community
      • Any Buddhist group that convene to meditate, speak of, or study Buddhist tenets
      • This social aspect and interaction with other Buddhists in their pursuit of nirvana was understood by Siddhartha Gautama Sakya as necessary
      • Every level of Buddhist rank must participate
  • Another route to follow in order to attain Enlightenment
    • 1. Ethics
      • Be always virtuous
    • 2. Concentration
      • Control and focus the mind
    • 3. Wisdom
      • Understand existence
  • Nirvana
    • The ultimate goal
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Generally, speaking, two forms of Buddhism exist: 

  1. Traditional Buddhism
  2. Popular Buddhism.
  1. Traditional Buddhism is very orthodox.
    1. Abstaining from all exciting, worldly pleasures
    2. Adherents listen to their chosen Guru about how to achieve a state of total peace
    3. The idea is to recognize the non-existence of everything.One of the important practices of the Traditional Buddhist is the Sesshin
      1. Practitioners sit facing a wall in a dimly lit room, and meditate for a week straight.
      2. Occasionally, people with wooden staffs walk up behind them, and hit them hard on one shoulder, then on the other shoulder
      3. The Buddhists are meant to, in this case, quickly calm themselves down after this intense pain, and return to a state of bliss
      4. Caffeinated tea is drunk, and the bathroom used, while meditating. while meditating
  2. Popular Buddhism is a less radical sect.
    1. These people tend to be highly social and accepting
    2. They may meditate, but it is not to such an extreme, and doesn’t substitute for other productive habits.

The infographic below is much more content-intensive than what we’ve gone over. There is additional information. It may require one to zoom in. Quite the impressive compendium!

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There are other variations in Buddhism

  • Worship of different Buddhas
    • Idols
    • Even to the point of polytheism
  • Tibetan Buddhism
    • The Dalai Lama as head

Baruch de Spinoza was prominent a Jewish philosopher during The Enlightenment – the early to late 17th century. He posited a pantheistic outlook.

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Interestingly enough, statistically speaking, a significant amount of Jews convert Buddhism, or to some pantheistic worldview.

There are mystical sects of all abrahamic religions. They stress meditation, peace, and pantheism.